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Evgeny Evgenievich Gibshman

Evgeny Evgenievich Gibshman - an outstanding bridge engineer, who devoted his life to science and pedagogical activities, the founder of the Department of bridges MADI and its permanent head since 1932 until the last days of his life.

The future great engineer-bridgebuilder was born on July 20 1905 into the family of E. A. Gibshman, a railway engineer.

Evgeny studied in Strakhov Moscow private gymnasium, and also studied music and painting. But already at age of 12, in 1917, he was obliged to support his family part-time - worked as a piano player, an accountant in the Red Army dining room and even served in the factory of ready-made clothes. After graduating from high school in 1921, Evgeny worked as a technician in the construction of the Perervinskaya dam and in the same year with a grant of the trade union entered the Moscow Railway Transport Institute.

After receiving in 1925 an engineer diploma in "Engineering Structures" and having at the same time attended a full course of the electric traction faculty, the young engineer Gibschman began his work in the Bureau of Engineering Research of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the People's Commissariat of Railways. He immediately showed himself as an extraordinary specialist, a talented designer and promising researcher.

In 1927-1929 Gibshman worked as a design engineer of the bridge department of Dnieprostroy. In 1929 he returned to Moscow, and then returned to Dnieprostroy, where he was engaged in metalwork until 1931. In parallel during this period the young specialist began teaching the author's courses "Bridges" and "Railways" at the Moscow Construction College and at the same time he successfully completed his postgraduate studies, forever linking his life with science.

The next logical step of the talented scientist was the direction of the specialized department "Bridges" of the Moscow Automobile and Road Construction Institute, which he headed in 1932. Since that year, all researches and developments of Professor Gibshman have become a part of the history of MADI.

In the 30s, Evgeny Gibshman introduced to the engineering community his textbook on wooden road bridges, and organized a bridge-testing station under the department, with the help of which, together with his colleagues, he tested more than half a thousand bridges in Moscow and the regions. During the same years he actively consulted on the construction of bridges at Dneprostroy, Moskvoretsky, Bolshoy Kamenny, Krasnokholmsky, Bolshoy Ustyinsky, Chugunny, Maly Kamenny and Novoarbatsky bridges in Moscow and other cities of our country. He acted as a consultant to construction trusts, the design office "Stalkonstruktsii» and as the scientific director of the department of artificial structures of DorNII GushosDor NKVD.

The research carried out by Gibshman in the field of wind bracing of steel bridges proved for the first time that elements of longitudinal horizontal braces are actively involved in the work on the moving vertical load. Evgeny Evgenievich managed to describe the work of riveted connections, which allowed him to remove restrictions in the regulatory documents.

In 1935, Evgeny Gibshman was awarded the degree of Candidate of Technical Sciences without a dissertation for his great achievements in scientific work! Five years later, in the pre-war 1940, he successfully defended his doctoral dissertation on the dynamics of bridges and became a doctor of engineering.

With the beginning of the war Evgeny Evgenievich did not leave with the Institute for evacuation, but remained in Moscow, volunteering to join the troops of the Ministry of Defense. He worked on emergency repair work: he repaired Moscow bridges damaged by bombing and built pontoon alternate bridges.

From 1942 to 1946, Gibshman worked as a consultant to the Red Army Bridge Department. At that time he designed transport facilities invaluable for the Victory: pontoon crossings in Stalingrad, a unique wooden bridge across the Daugava in Riga, which was assembled during the offensive in the shortest possible time, and many other military bridges.

For this work Evgeny Evgenievich was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and the Order of the Red Star, medals "For the defense of Moscow", "For the defense of Stalingrad", "For victory over Germany", "For valorous work in the Great Patriotic War".

During the war, Professor Gibschman wrote a book on the restoration of bridges, which became a basic guide in the reconstruction of roads in the country, and since 1943 he continued to work at the MADI, who had returned from evacuation.

During the post-war years Evgeny Evgenievich continued to head the department of bridges at MADI. During those years he published fundamental textbooks on the design of wooden and metal bridges on highways, as well as artificial structures on urban roads for engineers and bridge technicians and road builders of road specialties.

A scientist of world renown, a holder of the title "Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR", Evgeny Gibshman after the war continued to take an active part in bridge construction, advising on projects of major bridges over the Oka, Dnieper, Yenisei, bridges and overpasses in Moscow and on the ring road, bridges on the Moscow-Simferopol highway and on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.

All his life Evgeny Evgenievich was engaged in training of scientific personnel, being a tireless mentor of young scientists. Under his leadership 35 doctoral and candidate's dissertations were defended.