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Valery Fedorovich Babkov

Professor Valery Fedorovich Babkov is the pride of our university. His fate is so closely related to the history of MADI that for more than six decades, generations of MADI students have felt the influence of this intelligent, but infinitely modest man. The creator of the scientific school of road design and reconstruction, Valery Babkov devoted his entire life to scientific research and development for the benefit of Russia.

Valery Babkov was born on December 26, 1909 in Vindava, Kurland province, in the family of a railway employee. In 1929, after graduating from two courses of the Moscow Institute of Transport Engineers, he transferred to the road faculty of MADI, which he graduated in 1933, defended with "excellent" diploma project on "Development of mining route and types of filter dams and pipes" with the qualification "road transport engineer" and the recommendation to enter graduate school.

Valery Fyodorovich started his career in 1934 as a design engineer in the design and production sector of MADI and simultaneously started teaching at the departments of "unpaved roads" and "road construction". In 1935, he entered postgraduate school, graduating in 1938 with a thesis on "Stresses in unpaved roads and bases of road surfaces". After finishing graduate school, Valery Babkov was assigned to work at the Road Research Institute of Gushosdor NKVD of the USSR, where he worked as a senior researcher and head of department "Survey and Road Design".

At the beginning of the war the young engineer and scientist Valery Babkov as a member of the Gushosdor team and the General Staff, he analyzed the state of the roads in the Voronezh region and drafted projects to improve their trafficability. In September he was called up for military service in the 35th Military Road Detachment, where he worked at the Bryansk, Central and Voronezh fronts.

In June 1943 Valery Fedorovich was assigned to the engineering design division of the Road Construction Department of the Main Road Department of the Red Army. There he served until the end of the war as a senior and chief engineer and almost a year headed the department.

Service in the 35th Military Road Detachment and work in engineering design division of the Main Road Administration allowed the scientist to accumulate extensive research and empirical experience. In 1943, in combat conditions, he built an experimental section of snow protection, the results of observations of which formed the basis of the "Instruction of the Main Directorate of roads for winter maintenance of military roads". Valery Fyodorovich did not stop his scientific research, which then formed the basis of his textbooks, monographs and scientific articles.

In February 1946, Valery Fedorovich Babkov after his demobilization returned to MADI, and in October the next year, 1947, he headed the department of "Surveying and design of roads," which he managed for 45 years, until November 1995. At the same time, he was the head of the road construction faculty, deputy director for scientific and educational part, vice-rector for scientific work, making a great contribution to the development of science at the university.

Professor Babkov significantly developed the theory of road design. He initiated new scientific trends in the mechanics of soils and road constructions, environmental protection in designing and construction of automobile roads, became one of the founders of the theory of traffic safety on the roads, as well as the theory of design and reconstruction of roads with taking into account the psychophysiology of drivers and landscape.

During the years of his research, Valery Fyodorovich developed effective recommendations for reducing accident rates, expanding the possibility of using unpaved airfields, improving the trafficability of roads in adverse weather conditions, and introducing new methods of designing roads that are under construction and reconstruction.

Valery Fedorovich Babkov devoted his whole life to scientific research and development for the benefit of his homeland. We proudly remember!